Articles Pakistan

Abdallah Azzam Brigades [Abdallah Azzam] (Analysis by Anja Freudenthal*)

Sunday, February 28th, 2016

Group Name: Abdallah Azzam Brigades

Principal Ideology: Sunni Salafist Jihadist

Area of Operation: Lebanon, Jordan, Pakistan, Syria, the Arabian Peninsula

Leadership: Saleh al-Qar’awi and Ibrahim Suleiman Hamad Al-Hablain

Affiliated Groups: Al-Qaeda

Principal enemy: Hosni Mubarak, Bashar al-Assad, Lebanese Hezbollah

Tactics: Insurgent and terror tactics in Israel, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, and Sea of Oman

On May 30, 2012, the Department of State (“DOS”) designated the Abdallah Azzam Brigades (“Abdallah Azzam”) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization[1] and the group’s leaders, Saleh al-Qar’awi[2] and Ibrahim Suleiman Hamad Al-Hablain[3], also known as Abu Jabal, both Saudi nationals, as terrorists. Formed in 2009, the Abdallah Azzam Brigades, a Sunni Salafist Jihadist religious group, is affiliated with Al-Qaeda and has been reaching out to Muslims worldwide through a network of branches, located in Lebanon, Jordan, Pakistan, Syria, and the Arabian Peninsula[4]. The philosophy of the organization is deeply rooted in the radical ideology of its namesake, Abdullah Azzam[5], who was a mentor to Osama bin Laden[6]. Azzam was killed by a car bomb in Pakistan in 1989[7]; however, his name continues to live on through internet websites, such as and, and Azzam Publications, all of which are operated by Jihadists or unknown sympathizers[8].


Lashkar e Taiba (Analysis by Brent Swearingen)

Thursday, February 11th, 2016

Group Name: Lashkar-e-Taiba (AKA Jamaat-ud-Dawa)

Principal Ideology: Ahl-e-Hadith (South Asian brand of Wahhabism)

Area of Operation: Indian Subcontinent (Based out of Pakistan)

Leadership: Hafiz Mohammad Saeed

Affiliated Groups: Taliban, al Qaeda, Haqqani Network, ISI

Principal Enemy: Indian government, particularly in Kashmir

Tactics: Fidayeen-style attacks

Lashkar e Taiba (Army of the Pure or LeT), is a Pakistani Sunni Islamist terrorist group aligned with the Ahl-e-Hadith (People of the Traditions of the Prophet) sect of Islam.[1] Ahl-e-Hadith is a fundamentalist brand of Islam that is a South Asian version of Wahhabism[2] whose adherents make up less than 10 percent of Muslims in Pakistan.[3] LeT’s parent organization, Markaz-ud-Dawa-wal-Irshad (Center for Preaching, or MDI)[4] was founded in 1987 by Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, Zafaar Iqbal, and Abdullah Azzam[5] as a religious and charitable organization assisting resistance fighters in Soviet-occupied Afghanistan.[6] LeT was formed as the military arm of MDI around [7]this time to provide fighters to assist Taliban-aligned forces fighting the Soviets.[8] Following the withdrawal of the Soviets from Afghanistan, LeT’s center of operations returned to Pakistan and adopted as its mission the cleansing of Hindu influences from Islam, and the annexation of what LeT considers the Islamic lands in India Administered Kashmir (IaK) into Pakistan.[9] It is widely accepted that LeT is used as a proxy force for the Pakistani Army in Kashmir and India and has close ties with the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence agency (ISI).[10]


Lashkar-e-Taiba (Analysis by Michael Sedam)

Tuesday, January 26th, 2016

Group Name: Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT – the army of the pure)

Principal ideology: Ahl-e-Hadith (Closely related to Wahabbism)

Area of Operation: Kashmir Region between Pakistan and India

Leadership: Hafiz Muhammad Saeed (Notable is Saeed’s relationship with Abdullah Azzam, who was Osama Bin Laden’s mentor)

Affiliated groups: al-Qaeda Central and affiliates

Principal enemy: India

Tactics: Insurgent – Small teams of operatives

Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT – the army of the pure) may be best known for the coordinated attack on Mumbai, India on November 26, 2008.[1] Lashkar-e-Taiba is a collective group where members and supporters share a vision that allows LeT to further its goals. The purpose of this paper is to analyze LeT as a collective. The analysis will generalize the existence of LeT as a group focused on conflict with India over the geographic area of Kashmir. The group’s interest in Kashmir is shared with Pakistan, which results in a symbiotic relationship between LeT and Pakistan. In addition to the shared goal of removing India from Kashmir, services provided by the LeT gains additional support for the LeT including recruits, finances, and political support. Finally, the role of LeT in providing members with purpose and respect, and the importance of individuals gaining esteem from the group adds to the understanding of LeT. When interconnected, these markers help to decipher LeT as a group seeking geographic, financial, and social capital.


Lashkar-e-Taiba (Analysis by Eric Saylors)

Tuesday, January 26th, 2016

Group Name: Lashkar-e-Taiba

Principal Ideology: Muslim

Area of Operation: Pakistan, India, Afghanistan

Leadership: Pakistan’s intelligence (ISI)

Affiliated Groups: Al-Qaeda and ISI

Principal Enemy: India

Tactics: Asymmetric warfare

Lashkar-e-Taiba(LeT), or literarily “The army of God” is a sub-national politically violent (SPV) group motivated by the integration of Kashmir with Pakistan.[1] LeT is considered one of the most capable, experienced, funded and politically backed SPV groups in the world, receiving open support from the state of Pakistan.[2] The LeT is most commonly recognized for the 2008 Mumbai attacks. Following the Mumbai attacks, there was concern that the United States could be at risk for a similar attack, and although the LeT is entirely capable of deploying such an attack in the United States, it is unlikely.[3] Analysis of the LeT using Social Identity Theory (SIT)[4] can provide us with a framework to understand why they operate in a specific region, why they deploy distinctive tactics, why they are so resilient, the type of threat they pose to the US, and why the LeT should be monitored closely.